Mosquitoes become active when temperatures consistently reach above 50 degrees Fahrenheit and thrive when temperatures are above 70 degrees Fahrenheit. Their ideal environment is moist and humid and their populations and activity increase significantly in areas that are warm with heavy rainfall, making Alabama an ideal breeding ground. Mosquito season is determined by the climate of a region. In most of Alabama, mosquito season begins in March and ends in September; because of the more humid climate on the Gulf coast, mosquito season in this part of the state begins a little earlier in February and runs a little longer into November. Regardless of what part of the state you live in, mosquito season lasts throughout most of the year.
Alabama is home to about 60 different species of mosquitoes. They often develop resistance to pesticides so mosquito elimination can be difficult. Mosquitoes are vectors for disease, meaning they can transmit diseases from one human or animal to another. Mosquitoes are known to transmit malaria, Zika virus, chikungunya, West Nile virus, dengue fever, Eastern Equine Encephalitis, and more. It’s only the female mosquitoes you have to worry about, however; males don’t feed on blood. Females need the nutrients from blood to prepare to lay eggs.
- Get Rid of Standing Water. Mosquitoes breed in and around standing water and they only need a very small amount to do so. Try to avoid letting water build up around your home by draining it out of bird baths, pet bowls, buckets, old tires, and any other containers that can hold water.
- Maintain Your Yard and Pool. Debris and leaves that build up around your yard can hold enough water to allow mosquitoes to breed. Clear out any leaves, twigs, branches, and other yard items. If you have a pond, consider adding a feature to it that keeps the water moving. This helps to prevent mosquito eggs from being able to hatch. If you have a pool make sure to keep it properly maintained.
- Clear Gutters. Debris and leaves that clog gutters and drains can also collect enough water to allow mosquitoes to breed. Make sure to keep gutters and drains clear of debris. Consider installing gutter guards to help prevent clogs.
- Avoid The Bite. Mosquitoes are most active at dawn and dusk, although some species are active throughout the day. If you have to be outside during this time, wear long pants and long sleeves. Try to wear loose fitting clothes which retain less heat, making you less attractive to the mosquitoes. Spray your clothing liberally with repellent and use it sparingly on your skin.
- Keep Them Out Of Your Home. Mosquitoes can enter your home through open windows and doors. Try to keep exterior doors and windows closed as much as possible during mosquito season. Make sure window and door screens are in good repair and replace them as necessary.
- Call A Pro. Mosquitoes can be extremely difficult to get rid of. A professional mosquito prevention and elimination plan from an experienced pest control company can provide you with a thorough evaluation and inspection to help identify breeding spots on your property, as well as provide you with a safe, family and pet friendly mosquito control plan.